# Machine Learning

## XGBoost for Regression[Case Study]

Using Gradient Boosting  for Regression Problems Introduction : The goal of the blogpost is to equip beginners with basics of gradient boosting regressor algorithm and quickly help them to build their first model.  We will mainly focus on the modeling side of it . The data cleaning and preprocessing parts would be covered in detail in an upcoming post. Gradient Boosting for regression builds an additive model in a forward stage-wise fashion; it allows for the optimization of arbitrary differentiable loss functions. In each stage a regression tree is fit on the negative gradient of the given loss function. The idea of boosting came out of the idea of whether a weak learner can be modified to become better.A weak hypothesis or weak learner is defined as one whose performance is at least slig...

## XGBoost for Classification[Case Study]

Boost Your ML skills with XGBoost Introduction : In this blog we will discuss one of the Popular Boosting Ensemble algorithm called XGBoost. XGBoost is the most popular machine learning algorithm these days. Regardless of the data type (regression or classification), it is well known to provide better solutions than other ML algorithms. Extreme Gradient Boosting (xgboost) is similar to gradient boosting framework but more efficient. It has both linear model solver and tree learning algorithms. So, what makes it fast is its capacity to do parallel computation on a single machine. This makes xgboost at least 10 times faster than existing gradient boosting implementations. It supports various objective functions, including regression, classification and ranking. Since it is very high in predi...

## Understanding Principal Component Analysis(PCA)

Principal Component Analysis Implement from scratch and validate with sklearn framework Introduction : “Excess of EveryThing is Bad” The above line is specially in machine learning. When the data becomes too much in its dimension then it becomes a problem for pattern learning. Too much information is bad on two things : compute and execution time and quality of the model fit. When the dimension of the data is too high we need to find a way to reduce it. But that reduction has to be done in such a way that we maintain the original pattern of the data.  The algorithm that we are going to discuss in this article does the similar job. The algorithm is quite famous and widely used in varieties of tasks. Its name is Principal Component Analysis aks PCA. The main purposes of a principal component...

## Simple Logistic Regression[Case Study]

Logic behind Simple Logistic Regression Introduction : The goal of the blogpost is to get the beginners started with fundamental concepts  of the Simple logistic regression concepts and quickly help them to build their first Simple logistic regression model.  We will mainly focus on learning to build your first logistic regression model . The data cleaning and preprocessing parts would be covered in detail in an upcoming post. Logistic regression are one of the most fundamental and widely used Machine Learning Algorithm. Logistic regression is usually among the first few topics which people pick while learning predictive modeling. Don’t get confused with suffix “regression” in the algorithm name.  Logistic regression is not a regression algorithm but actually a probabilistic classification...

## Simple Linear Regression[Case Study]

Simple Progression Towards Simple Linear Regression Introduction : The goal of the blogpost is to get the beginners started with basics of the linear regression concepts and quickly help them to build their first linear regression model.  We will mainly focus on the modeling side of it . The data cleaning and preprocessing parts would be covered in detail in an upcoming post. Linear Regression are one of the most fundamental and widely used Machine Learning Algorithm. Linear regression is usually among the first few topics which people pick while learning predictive modeling.Linear Regression establishes a relationship between dependent variable (Y) and one or more independent variables (X) using a best fit straight line (also known as regression line).The dependent variable is continuous,...

## Random Forest for Regression[Case Study]

Using Random Forests for Regression Problems Introduction : The goal of the blogpost is to equip beginners with basics of Random Forest Regressor algorithm and quickly help them to build their first model.  We will mainly focus on the modeling side of it . The data cleaning and preprocessing parts would be covered in detail in an upcoming post. Ensemble methods are supervised learning models which combine the predictions of multiple smaller models to improve predictive power and generalization. The smaller models that combine to make the ensemble model are referred to as base models. Ensemble methods often result in considerably higher performance than any of the individual base models could achieve. Two popular families of ensemble methods BAGGING Several estimators are built independentl...

## Random Forest for Car Quality[Case Study]

Find your way out of the Data Forest with Random Forest Introduction : In this blog we will discuss one of the most widely used Ensembling Machine Learning Algorithm called Random Forest. The goal of the blogpost is to get the beginners started with fundamental concepts of a Random Forest and quickly help them to build their first Random Forest model. Motive to create this tutorial is to get you started using the random forest model and some techniques to improve model accuracy. In this article, I’ve explained the working of random forest and bagging. Random forest is a tree-based algorithm which involves building several trees (decision trees), then combining their output to improve generalization ability of the model. The method of combining trees is known as an ensemble method. En...

## Polynomial Logistic Regression[Case Study]

Understand Power of Polynomials with Polynomial Regression Polynomial regression is a special case of linear regression. With the main idea of how do you select your features. Looking at the multivariate regression with 2 variables: x1 and x2. Linear regression will look like this: y = a1 * x1 + a2 * x2. Now you want to have a polynomial regression (let’s make 2 degree polynomial). We will create a few additional features: x1*x2, x1^2 and x2^2. So we will get your ‘linear regression’: y = a1 * x1 + a2 * x2 + a3 * x1*x2 + a4 * x1^2 + a5 * x2^2 A polynomial term : a quadratic (squared) or cubic (cubed) term turns a linear regression model into a curve.  But because it is the data X that is squared or cubed, not the Beta coefficient, it still qualifies as a linear model. Thi...

## PCA for Fast ML

Speeding Up and Benchmarking Logistic Regression With PCA Introduction : When the data becomes too much in its dimension then it becomes a problem for pattern learning. Too much information is bad on two things : compute and execution time and quality of the model fit. When the dimension of the data is too high we need to find a way to reduce it. But that reduction has to be done in such a way that we maintain the original pattern of the data.  The algorithm that we are going to discuss in this article does the similar job. The algorithm is quite famous and widely used in varieties of tasks. Its name is Principal Component Analysis aka PCA. The main purpose of principal component analysis is the analysis of data to identify patterns and finding patterns to reduce the dimensions of the data...

## Naive Bayes Algorithm [Case Study]

Simple Progression Towards Simple Linear Regression Introduction : It is a classification technique based on Bayes’ Theorem with an assumption of independence among predictors. In simple terms, a Naive Bayes classifier assumes that the presence of a particular feature in a class is unrelated to the presence of any other feature. For example, a dress may be considered to be a shirt if it is red, printed, and has full sleeve . Even if these features depend on each other or upon the existence of the other features, all of these properties independently contribute to the probability that this cloth is a shirt and that is why it is known as ‘Naive’. Classification Machine Learning is a technique of learning where a particular instance is mapped against one of the many labels. The labels are pre...

## Multivariate MultiLabel Classification with Logistic Regression[Case Study]

Multivariate multilabel classification with Logistic Regression Introduction: The goal of the blog post is show you how logistic regression can be applied to do multi class classification.  We will mainly focus on learning to build a multivariate logistic regression model for doing a multi class classification. The data cleaning and preprocessing parts will be covered in detail in an upcoming post. Logistic regression is one of the most fundamental and widely used Machine Learning Algorithms. Logistic regression is usually among the first few topics which people pick while learning predictive modeling. Logistic regression is not a regression algorithm but actually a probabilistic classification model. Classification in Machine Learning is a technique of learning where a particular instance...

## Multivariate Linear Regression[Case Study]

Learn To Make Prediction By Using Multiple Variables Introduction : The goal of the blogpost is to equip beginners with basics of Linear Regression algorithm having multiple features and quickly help them to build their first model. This is also known as multivariable Linear Regression. We will mainly focus on the modeling side of it . The data cleaning and preprocessing parts would be covered in detail in an upcoming post. A multivariable model can be thought of as a model in which multiple variables are found on the right side of the model equation. This type of statistical model can be used to attempt to assess the relationship between a number of variables. A simple linear regression model has a continuous outcome and one predictor, whereas a multiple or multivariable linear regression...