Binary Search is a fast & efficient algorithm to search an element in sorted list of elements. It works on the technique of divide and conquer. Data structure: Array Time Complexity: Worst case: O(log n) Average case: O(log n) Best case: O(1) Space complexity: O(1) Let’s see how it can implemented in Scala with different approaches – Iterative Approach – Recursion Approach – Tail Recursion – Driver Program- val arr = Array(1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7) val target = 7 println(binarySearch_iterative(arr, target) match { case -1 => s"$target doesn't exist in ${arr.mkString("[", ",", "]")}" case index => s"$target exists at index $index" }) println(binarySearch_Recursive(arr, target)() match { case -1 => s"$target doesnt match" case index => s"$target exists a...

Given an array, find the average of all contiguous subarrays of size ‘n’ in it. Array: [1, 3, 2, 6, -1, 4, 1, 8, 2], n=5 Output: [2.2, 2.8, 2.4, 3.6, 2.8] Solution: Sliding Window algorithm can be used to resolve this. Time Complexity: O(n) Space Complexity: O(1)

Given an array of sorted numbers and a target sum, find a pair in the array whose sum is equal to the given target. Write a function to return the indices of the two numbers (i.e. the pair) such that they add up to the given target. Example 1: Input: [1, 2, 3, 4, 6], target=6 Output: [1, 3] Explanation: The numbers at index 1 and 3 add up to 6: 2+4=6 We can use the Two Pointers approach to solve this. Solution: Time Complexity: O(n) Space Complexity: O(1)

Given an array of integers, return indices of the two numbers such that they add up to a specific target. You may assume that each input would have exactly one solution, and you may not use the same element twice. Given nums = [1, 4, 8, 13], target = 12, Because nums[1] + nums[2] = 4 + 8 = 12, return [1, 2]. Solution: